Exploring the Everyday of Frankish Corinth

Dr. Evi Margaritis kindly sent me the following poster (“Exploring the Everyday of Frankish Corinth: Households under the Microscope”) presented at the Byzantium in Transition, 2nd International Workshop. The Middle-Late Byzantine Era, 12th-13th Centuries, held on Paros May 24-26, 2013.

The poster presents Dr. Margaritis’ preliminary comments on her study of plant remains (figs, grapes, barley, wheat) from a pit, well, and house floors in Frankish Corinth and its potential for informing our knowledge of grain processing and daily life in the Frankish period.

I have pasted a JPEG of the poster below, and a pdf version here  (better for zooming in). It is exciting that this marks the start of a broad program of archaeobotanical analysis for the historical periods in Corinth. I hope there will be more to share as the studies develop.


Urban Space and Economic Life in Saint Paul’s Balkan Stops, 4th–7th Centuries

I won’t be anywhere near Hellenic College Holy Cross on December 3, but this lecture (from Brandie Rantliff via the Byzantine Studies Association) looks interesting.

The Mary Jaharis Center for Byzantine Art and Culture is pleased to announce the first talk in its 2013-2014 lecture series. On December 3, 2013, at 4pm, Dr. Eurydice Georganteli (Harvard University) will present “Changing Landscapes: Urban Space and Economic Life in Saint Paul’s Balkan Stops, 4th–7th Centuries.” Focusing on the sites St. Paul visited on the Balkan peninsula in 49 or 50 AD, Dr. Georganteli will trace the dramatic religious, political, and economic changes that occurred in the region across four centuries.

Tuesday, December 3, 2013, 4:00–5:30 pm
The Archbishop Iakovos Library, Reading Room
Hellenic College Holy Cross
50 Goddard Avenue
Brookline, MA 02445

When St Paul and his companions Silas, Timothy and Luke, disembarked at the busy port of Neapolis the year was 49 or 50 AD, and the area had been a Roman province since 167 BC and the consolidation of Roman power in the Antigonid kingdom of Macedonia. St Paul’s crossing from Asia to Europe and his travels across Roman Greece changed forever the local society, culture and the urban landscape in which that society lived and died. This lecture explores the changing face of St Paul’s Balkan stops from the fourth through the seventh century, a period of profound political, administrative, economic and religious changes. The rise of Philippi and Amphipolis as major pilgrimage destinations, Thessaloniki’s urban continuity and architectural splendor, and the dwindling fortunes of the old and established cities of Athens and Corinth, are some of the subjects which will be discussed in the light of written sources, topographical analysis and the latest archaeological discoveries.

Two Recent Finds from the Corinthia

The Googlebots are proving less reliable than they once were. Here are two news stories from the last week or so that I just learned about via FB. These should be of obvious interest to Roman history and archaeology folk.

First, another Roman chamber tomb has been found in Corinth. This tomb, like the Roman tomb found last year, comes from the plain north of the urban center which was always a principal area of burial for the Greek and Roman cities of Corinth.  Initial reports evidently suggest a slightly earlier date (1st-2nd AD or earlier) than the 3rd century tomb discovered last year. An excerpt from the article (“Roman chamber tomb found in Ancient Corinth”, Nov. 14, 2013) via the Archaeology News Network:

Measuring 3.30m by 2.63m., the tomb has been initially dated to between the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, but may be earlier. It was entered from the south through a staircase decorated on either side with two ceramic tiles in deep relief, one showing a quadriga (four-horse chariot), and the other depicting a chariot pulled by dolphins next to a sea creature.  Inside, there were vaults over niches where ash urns were placed, and three larnaces (terracotta coffins) containing bones, oil lamps, bronze coins and pottery shards. One of the coffins was painted to depict bed covers. The interior of the tomb also contained very well-preserved wall paintings, depicting garlants, fruit and three figures, two men and a woman.

The second news piece from the Greek Report is the discovery of an “Ancient Roman Villa and SPA Discovered by Archaeologists in Greece” (Nov. 12, 2013) near the neighborhood known as Katounistra in Loutraki on the western side of the Isthmus. Not sure where this is and what relation it has to another important Late Roman villa excavated by the Greek Archaeological Service in Katounistra in the 1990s.

SBL Baltimore 2013

I will not be able to attend the annual meetings of the American Schools of Oriental Research and the Society of Biblical Literature that begin this week in Baltimore, but I will offer, as in years past, an index of papers and sessions related in some way to Corinth. I did not see any obvious Corinthiaka in the ASOR program, but SBL, unsurprisingly, includes numerous relevant presentations and sessions. If one of the following titles make you curious, visit the SBL program website to access the abstracts.

First, sessions obviously related to early Christian Corinth and 1 and 2 Corinthians:

Meals in the Greco-Roman World (S23-123, Nov. 23)

Theme: Bodies on the Couch: Gender, Space, and the Meal

  • Soham Al-Suadi, Universität Bern – Université de Berne, Presiding
  • Matthew Roller, Johns Hopkins University
    Postures, Roles, and Social Distinctions: A Classicist’s Perspective on Early Christian Commensality (30 min)
  • Jorunn Økland, Universitetet i Oslo
    Gender-Mixed Dining in Non-Public Spaces: To What Can Early Christian Meals Be Compared? (30 min)
  • Caroline Johnson Hodge, College of the Holy Cross
    Meals on Wheels: The Reserved Sacrament and Other Christian Daily Devotions (30 min)
  • Carly Daniel-Hughes, Concordia University – Université Concordia, Respondent (15 min)
  • Ellen Aitken, McGill University, Respondent (15 min)
  • Discussion (30 min)

Pauline Epistles (S23-126. Nov. 23)

  • Emma Wasserman, Rutgers University, Presiding
  • Heidi Wendt, Brown University
    With Far More Imprisonments and Often Near Death: Paul’s Hardships Amidst Roman Punishments of Freelance Experts (25 min)
  • Philip L. Tite, University of Washington
    Roman Diet and Meat Consumption: Reassessing Elite Access to Meat in 1 Corinthians 8 (25 min)
  • Charles Cosgrove, Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary
    Abstention from Wine by the “Weak” in the Roman Church: A Dietary Practice Addressed by Paul in Romans 14 (25 min)
  • Janelle Peters, Emory University
    The Imperishable Crown and the Heavenly Politeuma in 1 Corinthians (25 min)
  • Judith Gundry, Yale Divinity School
    “(He is) Divided” (1 Cor 7:32a) – The Impossible Possibility: Paul, Cynics, and Stoics on Marriage (25 min)

Early Christianity and the Ancient Economy (S23-213, Nov. 23)

Theme: Economic Aspects of the Ancient World and the Early Church

  • Michael Cover, University of Notre Dame, Presiding
  • David B. Hollander, Iowa State University
    Milk and Honey in the Roman Economy (30 min)
  • Jonathan Wilcoxson, University of Notre Dame
    Reconsidering the Social Status of Meat in light of 1 Cor 8:1-13 (30 min)
  • Alex Hon Ho Ip, Chinese University of Hong Kong
    The Economic Relationship between Masters and Slaves in the First Century in light of New Institutional Economics(30 min)
  • Michael Flexsenhar III, The University of Texas
    Slave or Free? Economizing Status in Pauline Communities (30 min)

Systematic Transformation and Interweaving of Scripture in 1 Corinthians (S23-241, Nov. 23)

Theme: Use of Scripture in 1 Corinthians: Theological, Sophisticated, and Bold

  • Erik Waaler, NLA Høgskolen, Presiding
  • Roy Ciampa, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
    Prophecy in Corinth and Paul’s Use of Isaiah’s Prophecy in 1 Cor 14:21-25 (15 min)
  • Richard Hays, Duke University, Respondent (25 min)
  • Guy Waters, Reformed Theological Seminary
    Curse Redux? First Corinthians 5:13, Deuteronomy, and Identity Formation in Corinth (15 min)
  • Christopher Stanley, Saint Bonaventure University, Respondent (25 min)
    Linda Belleville, Grand Rapids Theological Seminary
    Paul’s Use of the Exodus–Wilderness Narratives in 1 Cor 10:1-11 (15 min)
  • Peter Enns, Eastern University, Respondent (25 min)
  • Discussion (30 min)

Systematic Transformation and Interweaving of Scripture in 1 Corinthians (S23-341)

Theme: The Genre of 1 Corinthians

  • Linda Belleville, Grand Rapids Theological Seminary, Presiding
  • Thomas L. Brodie, St. Saviour’s, Limerick, Ireland
    The Genre of 1 Corinthians: Not a Letter, but a Letter-like Essay, an Epistle (30 min)
  • Margaret M. Mitchell, University of Chicago, Respondent (30 min)
  • Discussion (90 min)

Archaeology of Religion in the Roman World (S25-108, Nov. 25)

Theme: The Worship of Antinoos

  • Daniel Schowalter, Carthage College, Presiding
  • Betsey A. Robinson, Vanderbilt University
    Backgrounds to Antinoos (30 min)
  • Christopher Jones, Harvard University
    Antinoos between Hero and God (30 min)
  • Trevor Thompson, University of Chicago
    “Darling of the Emperor”: Antinoos in Early Christian Rhetoric (30 min)
  • Jayne Reinhard, College of New Jersey
    Following Antinoos: Polydeukion as Hero and Protector of the Roman Baths (30 min)
  • Dale Martin, Yale University, Respondent (10 min)
  • Jorunn Økland, Universitetet i Oslo, Respondent (10 min)
  • Discussion (10 min)

Second Corinthians: Pauline Theology in the Making (S25-146, Nov. 25)

Theme: 2 Corinthians 7:5-16

  • Thomas Schmeller, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Presiding
  • James R. Harrison, Sydney College of Divinity
    ‘Consolation,’ ‘Affliction,’ and ‘Joy’ in 2 Cor 7:4-13 Against the Backdrop of Graeco-Roman Consolatory Literature and Second Temple Judaism (25 min)
  • Derek Brown, Logos Bible Software
    Second Corinthians 7:5–16 and Paul’s Care for His Churches (25 min)
  • Emmanuel Nathan, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
    Of Grief That Turns to Comfort: MT Echoes Resounding in the Background of 2 Cor 7:5-16? (25 min)
  • Steven Kraftchick, Emory University
    Lype According to God: A Theological Reading of 2 Cor 7:5-16 (25 min)
  • Dominika Kurek-Chomycz, Liverpool Hope University, Respondent (10 min)
  • Reimund Bieringer, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Respondent (10 min)
  • Discussion (30 min)

Second Corinthians: Pauline Theology in the Making (S25-331)

  • Edith Humphrey, Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, Presiding
  • Hans Arneson, Duke University
    A Defense of Divine Sincerity and Grace: Re-Reading 2 Cor 1:15–2:11 (25 min)
  • Troels Engberg-Pedersen, University of Copenhagen
    The Node of Paraenetic Concepts in 2 Cor 7:5-16 in relation to 6:11-7:4, 2:1-13 and 1:3-11 (25 min)
  • Christopher D. Land, McMaster Divinity College
    Many Wronged, but No Wrongdoers: The Enigma of 2 Cor 7:5–16 (25 min)
  • Lisa M. Bowens, Princeton Theological Seminary
    The Mind as Battleground in 2 Cor 10-11: Placing Paul in Conversation with the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, the Community Hymns, and the Prayer of Levi (25 min)
  • Matthew Forrest Lowe, Dundas Baptist Church, Dundas, Ontario
    What Kind of Day Has It Been: Pauline Theology in the Making at the Midpoint of Second Corinthians (25 min)

Scattered Papers in Other Sessions

  • J. Ayodeji Adewuya, Pentecostal Theological Seminary
    Identity Crisis: The One and the Many in 1 Corinthians 5–7 (15 min) (P22-306, Nov. 22)
  • Alexandra Brown, Washington and Lee University
    Time in the Corinthian Correspondence (40 min) [S23-330, Nov. 23]
  • C. Andrew Ballard, Fordham University
    Paideia Through Mysteries: Models of Mystery Teaching in Plato’s Symposium, 4QInstruction, and 1 Corinthians (25 min) [S23-345, Nov. 23]
  • John R. Markley, Liberty University
    “Whether in the Body or Out of the Body, I Do Not Know”: Visionary Experiences of Paradise and Paul’s Confusion About the Mode of His Ascent in 2 Cor 12:1-10 (25 min) [S24-117, Nov. 24]
  • Richard Last, University of Toronto
    Gaius, the Guest of Paul, and the Whole Church (Rom 16:23) (25 min) [P24-240, Nov. 24]
  • Jin Hwang, Fuller Theological Seminary (Pasadena)
    ‘Who Grieved Whom? Balancing between Lype and Agape (30 min) [P24-322, Nov. 24]
  • Olugbenga Olagunju, Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary
    Exegesis of I Cor 12:1-11 in African Context (25 min) [S25-104, Nov. 25]\
  • Thomas R. Blanton, IV, Luther College
    Commodity or Gift? On the Classification of Paul’s Unremunerated Labor (30 min) [S25-116, Nov. 25]
  • Ma. Marilou S. Ibita, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
    Absent Women at the Corinthian Lord’s Supper? Reconsidering Gender, Economic, and Ecological Issues in 1 Cor 11:17-34 (30 min) [S25-118, Nov. 25]
  • Scott C. Ryan, Baylor University
    Anything You Can Do Paul Can Do Better: Ps 115:1 LXX, Prosopopoiia, and Paul’s Syncritical Argument in 2 Cor 4:7-5:10 (30 min) [S25-121, Nov. 25
  • Richard S. Ascough, Queen’s University
    What Are They Now Saying about Paul and the Associations? (25 min) [S25-135]
  • Timothy J. Christian, Asbury Theological Seminary
    P46 Tendencies in 2 Corinthians: A Critical Examination of the Oldest and Most Inconsistent Extant Papyrus of the Pauline Corpus (30 min) [S25-324]
  • David I. Yoon, McMaster Divinity College
    Letters of Recommendation: A Literary Analysis of the Documentary Papyri and Its Relation to the Corinthians (30 min) [S25-324]
  • Paul B. Duff, George Washington University
    Moses, His Ministry, and the Covenant: Reading 2 Corinthians 3 (25 min) [S25-325]

For Corinthiaka at past SBL meetings:

On Kalamianos in the Southeast Corinthia

Bill Caraher has a short review of a recent article on the Bronze Age site of Kalamianos at Archaeology of the Mediterranean World. Bill reviews Daniel Pullen’s recent article (“The Life and Death of a Mycenaean Port Town: Kalamianos on the Saronic Gulf”) in the Journal of Maritime Archaeology and places it in a broader scholarly context about the driving forces of ancient trade.

Here’s a snippet of the review:

Two interesting articles landed on my desk over the last few days. D. Pullen’s report in the Journal of Maritime Archaeology on the site of Kalamianos in the the Korinthia and Justin Leidwanger’s article in Journal of Roman Archaeology documented a 2nd-3rd century shipwreck at the site of Fig Tree Bay on Cyprus.

Pullen argues that the impressive coastal site of Kalamianos represented interest of Mycenae in establishing a harbor on the Saronic Gulf in the Late Bronze Age. Situated adjacent to the site of Kolonna on Aigina and perhaps representing the decline in that polity’s political and military influence in the area, Kalamianos was a substantial and apparently urbanized (ing?) site situated at a peninsula that provided two relatively secure anchorages….

Read the rest here.


Inequality in Corinth

It didn’t take long for the Googlebots to find Corinth in Contrast: Studies in Inequality, fresh off the press  of Brill publishing company. Google Books has made available the Introductory matter, Table of Contents, and Chapter 1 (Inequality in Corinth) by editors Steven Friesen, Sarah James, and Daniel Schowalter. In their introductory chapter, the editors describe the background for the conference that led to the volume and outline how the individual essays contribute to the theme. Check it out here.

Stephen Miller Interview on Nemea

One of the big archaeology news items from last month was Stephen Miller’s letter to the general public regarding possible layoffs of Greek staff at the site and museum of Nemea. Miller noted in the letter that if contracts were not renewed these workers, the site would be in danger of closing. The possibility of closing and the letter made headlines last month when Kathimerini covered it in a September 28 article titled “Potential lay-offs at Nemea spark response from head archaeologist”. Some additional pieces from news outlets:

In a more recent interview with Margarita Pournara at Kathimerini, Miller explains his rationale for writing the letter, which leads gradually into a discussion of the site of Nemea, the Nemean lion, the discovery of the theater, and Miller’s work at Nemea over the last 40 years. 

Nemea_Zeus temple 1

Most of these links courtesy of David Meadows’ Explorator.

Corinthian Scholarship Monthly (October 2013)

Here’s the round-up of new Corinthiaka scholarship for the month of October. Happy Reading. You can also find these entries at the Corinthian Studies Group Library Page in Zotero.

Bronze Age

Early Iron Age-Hellenistic

Roman and Late Antique

New Testament and Early Christian

  • Brown, Alexandra R. “Creation, Gender, and Identity in (New) Cosmic Perspective: 1 Corinthians 11:2-16.” In The Unrelenting God: Essays on God’s Action in Scripture in Honor of Beverly Roberts Gaventa, edited by David J. Downs and Matthew L. Skinner, 172–193. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2013. http://books.google.com/books?id=uuBgAQAAQBAJ.
  • Downing, F. Gerald. Order and (Dis)order in the First Christian Century: A General Survey of Attitudes. BRILL, 2013. http://books.google.com/books?id=PfeZAAAAQBAJ
  • Eastman, Susan Grove. “Ashes on the Frontal Lobe: Cognitive Dissonance and Cruciform Cognition in 2 Corinthians.” In The Unrelenting God: Essays on God’s Action in Scripture in Honor of Beverly Roberts Gaventa, edited by David J. Downs and Matthew L. Skinner, 194–207. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2013. http://books.google.com/books?id=uuBgAQAAQBAJ
  • Schellenberg, Ryan S. Rethinking Paul’s Rhetorical Education: Comparative Rhetoric and 2 Corinthians 10–13. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013. http://books.google.com/books?id=8TRXAQAAQBAJ
  • Van den Hoek, Annewies. “The Saga of Peter and Paul: Emblems of Catholic Identity in Christian Literature and Art.” In Pottery, Pavements, and Paradise: Iconographic and Textual Studies on Late Antiquity, edited by Annewies van den Hoek and John Joseph Herrmann, 301–326. BRILL, 2013. http://books.google.com/books?id=RcJSAQAAQBAJ


  • Hadler, H., A. Vött, B. Koster, M. Mathes-Schmidt, T. Mattern, K. Ntageretzis, K. Reicherter, and T. Willershäuser. “Multiple late-Holocene Tsunami Landfall in the Eastern Gulf of Corinth Recorded in the Palaeotsunami Geo-archive at Lechaion, Harbour of Ancient Corinth” (2013).
  • Williams, Charles K., II. “Corinth, 2011: Investigation of the West Hall of the Theater.” Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens 82, no. 3 (2013): 487–549. doi:10.2972/hesperia.82.3.0487.